Sep 14, 2023
What is a Bunion and how do I get rid of them.

Title: Understanding Bunions: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options


Bunions are a common and often painful foot condition that can affect people of all ages. Characterized by a bony bump at the base of the big toe, bunions can make walking uncomfortable and lead to various foot-related issues. In this blog post, we'll delve into the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for bunions to help you better understand this condition and find relief.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion, medically known as hallux valgus, is a deformity that occurs when the big toe deviates from its natural position, pointing toward the second toe instead of straight ahead. This misalignment causes a bony protrusion to develop on the inside of the foot, which is the bunion itself. While bunions are most commonly associated with the big toe, they can also occur on the pinky toe, known as a bunionette or tailor's bunion.

Causes of Bunions

Understanding the causes of bunions is crucial in preventing and managing this condition. Several factors can contribute to the development of bunions, including:

  1. Genetics: A family history of bunions can increase your risk.

  2. Improper Footwear: Wearing tight, narrow, or high-heeled shoes can force the toes into an unnatural position.

  3. Foot Structure: Abnormal foot mechanics or flat feet can increase susceptibility to bunions.

  4. Injuries: Trauma to the foot can sometimes lead to the development of bunions.

  5. Arthritis: Certain types of arthritis, like rheumatoid arthritis, can predispose individuals to bunions.

Symptoms of Bunions

Bunions can be painful and lead to various symptoms, which may include:

  1. Pain and Discomfort: The bunion itself can be painful, especially when wearing tight shoes.

  2. Swelling and Redness: The affected area may become swollen and red.

  3. Limited Mobility: Bunions can restrict the range of motion in the affected toe.

  4. Corns and Calluses: These can develop on the bunion or between the toes due to friction.

Treatment Options

While bunions are a progressive condition, there are several treatment options available to alleviate symptoms and slow down their progression. These include:

  1. Footwear Changes: Switching to wide, comfortable shoes with good arch support can help reduce pressure on the bunion.

  2. Orthotic Inserts: Custom-made or over-the-counter orthotic inserts can help correct foot mechanics and reduce pain.

  3. Padding and Splinting: Pads and splints can help cushion and realign the toe.

  4. Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers or corticosteroid injections may be prescribed for pain management.

  5. Physical Therapy: Exercises and stretches can improve foot strength and flexibility.

  6. Surgery: In cases where bunions are painful and affecting quality of life then surgery is recommended. Here at Kyrou Podiatry Associates we perform Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS). This includes procedures for Bunions. MIS requires less time to perform and recovery is quicker. The majority of the cases do not require screws or pins and most patients are back in their regular shoes within 2 weeks. Patients are walking immediately post-op with a surgical boot or shoe. 


Bunions can be painful and affect your quality of life, but with proper care and attention, you can manage the symptoms and slow their progression. If you suspect you have a bunion or are experiencing symptoms, consult with a healthcare professional or podiatrist for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan. Remember, early intervention is key to preventing bunions from worsening and causing more discomfort in the long run.

By understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for bunions, you can take proactive steps to maintain healthy and pain-free feet.

Call Kyrou Podiatry Associates today for an evaluation and to see if you are a candidate for Minimally Invasive Bunion Surgery.

Office number (845) 231-0310 ext 4101.